Transport – how numerous are we?
In 2012, according to data from the CSO, in the transport sector in Poland, employed on the basis of work was about 500 000 people, of which about 300 000 people in the private sector. At the same time, there were 3 517 active transport companies that have their own means of transport.
At the same time, in 2012 the number of trucks and tractors was of 82 per 1,000 inhabitants.
In total, in 2012 so much as 2 739 484 vehicles of over 3.5 tonnes and 257 226 tractors (Source: Central Register of Vehicles, based on CSO: Transport. Results of Operations) were registered in Poland. Their number is growing at least a few % a year. However around 1/3, that is 1 million of these vehicles, belongs to the age group of 20-30 years old, and another 1/3 to the group of 10-20 years.
The number of professional driving licenses at the end of 2011 (in categories C, C + E, C1, C1 + E) was of 2 222 383 according to the Central Register of Vehicles and Drivers. Taking into account the actual number of people employed in the transport industry and the transport companies, disparity is huge. It can be assumed that a significant proportion of people were employed in the gray area.
One of the causes of the gray area is the phenomenon of the transport peaks, which causes periods of intense work in the last days of the month, and periods of unemployment between the peaks. Unpredictable scale of the peaks and transport irregularity cause a reluctance to employ drivers on the contract of employment or to start their own business.
Meaningful is the fact that the driver's profession is becoming less attractive for the Poles. This professional group is characterized by a high average age - the greatest share have the drivers at the age of 45-50 years. At the same time every year, lower the increase of professional driving licenses, which still in 2006 was of about 300 000, and in 2011 only of about 48 000. This negative phenomenon is intensified by the opening of the labor market in the EU and the migration of the drivers to other European countries, for example, to Germany - a country particularly attractive for Poles (proximity to home, good social conditions, high wages, job security). A smaller number of available professional drivers also causes an increased risk of breaking the law and exceed the allowable work time, and thus lowering road safety.
In the face of ever-increasing number of shipments on Polish roads, the question arises how do the labor market of the drivers can meet the needs of transport and logistics sector in the future?