Rushing economy intensifies the peaks
With the development of Polish economy, the consumption increases and so does the number of transported goods. In comparison to the situation from before the crisis of 2008-2009, in a few years the condition of the logistic infrastructure and the conditions for development and realization of road transport significantly improved.
In 2007 we had 927km of expressways and highways, while at the end of 2013 the number was three times higher and reached 2739km. The supply of newly built warehouses also rose steady year to year - according to the Colliers report in 2013 was two times higher than in 2007 and was of 2,3 millions square meters.
These circumstances created perfect conditions to locate logistic and distribution centers in Poland by the international companies i.e. Amazon. According to Cushman & Wakefield for the first mid-year of 2013 on the relocation of the firms to the Central Europe gained mainly Poland and the Czech Republic - both countries accounted for 85% of the total volume of rent that was of 1,5 million. The highest demand was recorded in our country, where almost 880 thousand square meters were rented, while in the Czech Republic 470 thousand square meters of storage areas were rented. Poland has become a regional distribution center for the Central and Eastern Europe. It's worth noting that since 2007 Polish import increased by 142% and export by as much as 165%. So Poland not only imports, but also exports way more.
The rising market of contractual logistics and road transport additionally drove the Polish ports, which performed in 2013 real leap. Their turnover increased by approx. 6,5 million tonnes, that is by 10%, and this was enough for all the main Polish ports to beat their records. The reloads in Gdansk exceeded in 2013 30 million tonnes (increased by 12,5%) and were "the best in the whole thousand-year history of the port". Gdynia operated 17,7 million tonnes of loads (+11,7%) that was also the best result in the history of the port (source: Promare.pl). In response to that the port authorities announced that in 2016 it would be able for the 370m ships to come into port, that is 90 meters longer than nowadays (source: wgospodarce.pl).
As a result, the Polish roads will continue to be more burdened and the demand for road transport will still increase. The forecasts for the leasing industry in Poland by Polish Leasing Association say that the value of assets in the form of trucks financed by leasing companies in 2014 will increase to 9 125 millions of zlotys in comparison to 8 346 millions in 2013. The number of trucks registered in Poland is systematically growing by an average of 5% every year (in 2012 the number of trucks and trailers increased by 6,5% in comparison to 2011). The commercial freight increased by 233,3% compared to 2004 (CSO of Poland). The above mentioned data shows that the phenomenon of transport peaks will increase.
An additional and very important information in the context of the project "Peaks Cost" is the fact that as far back in 2007 (pre-crisis) the supply of retail space was of 7 millions square meters, the last year increased to 12 millions square meters. This information is so more important that the main client and recipient of the goods during the transport peaks are the retail chains and the double increase of their numbers intensifies the phenomenon of accumulation of transports in the end of the month and all the negative consequences related to it.